*The Board of Directors meets the first Wednesday of most months at 6:30 PM at the Bobby Pearse Community Center …check the website for the date of the next meeting or email email@example.com for the location and if we are meeting that month. Members are welcome to attend board meetings.
Welcome to our Newest Business Members
DB Handyman Services focuses on tackling all the small and large projects around your house, business or rental location. They started this service to provide an alternative to calling a contractor. They are locally owned and operated and live in the North Main Community. From carpentry, light plumbing, electrical, cleaning, drywall, pressure washing, crawl spaces, and much more, we can save you time and money! Full day and hourly rates are available. For more information, call Dillon Barrs at 864-350-9718 or visit their facebook page.
Western Carolina Products “is a janitorial, paper and safety supply company serving the Carolina’s since 1992. David Roatch, General Manager, took over the company nearly ten years ago when he moved the business from Inman, SC to Greenwood, SC. After ten wonderful years of business in Greenwood David is beyond thrilled to be back here in the heart of the upstate opening his second store. Located at 1220 Laurens Road, Suites C & D, Western Carolina Products offers a wide variety of items ranging anywhere from food service items to sorbents pads and safety glasses. Our product lines consists of non-woven wipers, cloth wipers, disposable clothing, rain wear, restroom supplies, cleaners, mats, personal safety, gloves and hand cleaners. We also offer free delivery to all of our customers along with next day delivery.” Contact them at 864-241-8114 (phone) or 864-942-0220 (fax). Their local website should be up and running soon.
Update on Infill Ordinance
There were still concerns and questions about tree canopy and protection, especially large and heritage trees, the definition of impervious surfaces (and the concern that they would actually be enforced), house size, lot coverage and setbacks in the last planning commission meeting in June; however, the ordinance passed 6-1 with one member stating he wanted the record to show that he was “voting for approval reluctantly”. Most of the commission members still felt that it was a good start but did not go far enough.
It is tentatively scheduled for the July 28th agenda for first reading to Council…. 5:30 p.m. in Council Chambers, 10th floor, City Hall. Second reading would be in August. We’ll keep you posted. If you have comments or concerns about the draft ordinance, please email, write or call your city council representative.
First Aid/CPR Class for Pets
According to the American Animal Hospital Association, 92% of dogs and cats will experience an emergency in their lifetime. Knowing what to do in a crisis situation can help save your pet’s life. In fact, 25% of dogs and cats could have been saved if a first aid technique was applied before getting to the vet. Would you know what to do in these situations?
NMCA is offering our members a class in emergency first aid/CPR for pets on Tuesday, July 29, from 7-8pmat the Bobby Pearse Community Center. It will be taught by Dr. Cynthia Wheat, a local veterinarian who also works with the Humane Society. There are all kinds of pet emergencies including dehydration, the need for rescue breathing or CPR, what to do for bee stings, snake bites, choking, seizures, poisoning, etc.
The cost is only $5 per household, payable at the door. We do ask that you email firstname.lastname@example.org if you plan to attend so we know how much material to have available. Please DO NOT bring your own pet(s).
Volunteers Needed at the Park
We are still in need of a couple more volunteers at the North Main Rotary Park. Most areas have been ‘adopted’ but we still need one or two to commit to weeding the azaleas on the hill just west of the ball field. This would be great for someone who would like to help out but who can’t meet our work day schedules. You can do it on your own time. If interested, please contact JoAnne Conner at email@example.com or call 414-0595. Thank you!
Reminder – ACS Free Cat Neuter/Spay for 29609 Zipcode
NO STRINGS ATTACHED! FREE means FREE for residents in the 29609 zip code who need to have their pet cats and kittens spayed or neutered. Thanks to a targeted grant from PetSmart Charities, Greenville County Animal Care on Furman Hall Road in Cherrydale is offering FREE spays and neuters for pet cats and kittens for residents in the 29609 zip code through 2015. This was done because of the staggering number of cats surrendered to the shelter or found stray there. Residents of the 29609 zip code should contact (864) 467-SPAY to make appointments to have their cats or kittens spayed or neutered at no charge. You will need to bring in proof that you reside in the 29609 zip code.
Also, in anticipation of August, ACS is saving adopters some cool cash by lowering the adoption fee on all $49.00 dogs to just $25.00 during the month of July, with the purchase of collar & leash, heartworm preventative and ID tag . “We encourage you to come out to Animal Care while the “living is easy” and we have a great variety of friends for you to meet this summer.”
The Greenville Humane Society is currently running a special on adoptions. Adult dogs are $49, puppies are $95, adult cats are $20 and kittens are $49. All animals are neutered and up to date on shots, etc. (Prices subject to change.)
They also have a special need right now for foster homes for kittens. Most just have upper respiratory infections (kitty colds), so even if you have other cats, you can just confine the kitten to one room. They provide medicine, food, and a carrier. There is absolutely no cost to you to foster. When they are well, you just return them to the HS (unless you’ve fallen in love by that time and want to adopt them.)
These sweet kittens are looking for their forever home, and this is an excellent route to adoption! If you are interested, please do not hesitate to call or email the H.S. The phone number is 864-263-5605 and email is firstname.lastname@example.org .
According to climate data, the average maximum temperature for Greenville in July is 88.6°F, the average low is 68.7°F and the average precipitation is 4.74”. The record maximum temperature was set in 2012 at 107°. The record minimum was 54°F on July 1, 1979. Record high rainfall was in 1984 with 13.57” with minimum precipitation of 0.75” in 1993. The highest daily rainfall for this area was a reported 11.50 inches on July 12, 1949 at Caesars Head. July is the average hottest month with the average highest rainfall (Mother Nature better get busy!) http://weatherspark.com/averages/30385/7/Greenville-South-Carolina-United-States
June 21, the day of the northern summer solstice, was hailed by much of the mainstream media as “the longest day of the year.” Actually, the longest day of the year comes on the first Sunday of November, when we set our clocks back one hour at 2 a.m. to account for the end of daylight saving time and return to standard time. By virtue of adjusting our timepieces back one hour, we’re making the day 25 hours long. http://www.space.com/26402-summer-solstice-twilight-july-skywatching.html
Keeping the Green in Greenville
I think we all agree the City of Greenville does a good job of keeping the city clean and the landscaping maintained…it’s one of the reasons people want to move here. But we all can play a part in that. For newer residents, the City has a very useful webpage for new residents and by scrolling over the list on top you can learn about things like garbage pickup, the trolley schedule, etc. As for the rest of you, here are a few things we are repeating from last year as reminders:
- The grassed area between the street and sidewalk is your responsibility to take care of, not the City’s. It can detract from your home’s curb appeal if not mowed or maintained.
- Garbage carts, recycling bins and bulk waste should be out at the curb no earlier than 12 hours before collection day and all City containers must be returned to the rear of the structure within 24 hours of collection. Remember: It is both unsightly and a violation of City ordinance to leave these containers out on days other than normal collection days.
- The City will pick up large household items such as furniture, mattresses, box springs, carpet (if installed by the homeowner), or discarded lawn equipment such as mowers. However, you must schedule a collection time for these items by calling Customer Service at 864-467-4345. Please note: Televisions are no longer collected. Per state law, all televisions must be recycled.
- The City will collect your yard waste on the same collection day as your garbage and recycling. To ensure collection, place proper materials at the curb by 7:00 a.m. Place your items in separate piles at least 3 feet away from other obstacles such as mailboxes, utility poles, and automobiles. The City will collect: grass clippings, leaves, limbs (no longer than 6 feet long or 6 inches in diameter). Please keep leaves separate from branches and limbs.
- Don’t bag it! LEAF it at the curb. Please help with collection services by not bagging any yard debris. Or consider composting! And remember it’s illegal to blow leaves into the street unless they will be corralled into a pile.
- Don’t cause clogs by piling leaves near storm drains, inlets, culverts or ditches. Leave at least a foot between the curb and the pile. For one thing, it’s easier for the city to pick up. Secondly, storm water can bypass it without backing up in front of your house or your neighbors; and most importantly, if it’s away from the curb, it’s harder for storm water to pick up and carry debris to the storm drains and into the Reedy River!
Gardening in July
Don’t assume the yellow leaves you are seeing on some plants indicate a lack of fertilizer. Look closely on the underside with a hand lens and you may find spider mites. Most insects favor hot, dry conditions. Mites have already discovered many of my perennials. For these piercing, sucking type insects, a 1-2% solution of a mild dish detergent in water will help (that’s about 2 Tbsp. per gallon of water). But remember mites are on the underside of the leaf so coverage is critical (use a sprayer to direct the spray under the leaf and don’t spray in sunlight…wait until evening to avoid burn. It also stays wet longer and has a greater chance of suffocating the insect…which is how it works.
Another problem is leafminers, tiny larvae (worms) that develop from eggs laid by tiny flies just under the leaf surface. They then tunnel in the leaves between the leaf tissue which protects them from contact sprays. A plant is able to withstand a certain amount of leafminer damage and with so much insecticide resistance, you may do more harm than good by spraying, as you will also be killing the parasitic wasps that prey on the larvae.
As the leafminer larvae feed they leave a trail of dark fecal material in the mine. Look closely and if you see a yellow worm at the end of the trail, the leafminer larvae is alive (see photo at right)…if it’s a dark spot at the end of the tunnel, you may have very small predator wasps around that are killing the larvae for you. You can pick off leaves which have live larvae and discard to prevent adults from hatching and laying eggs on other leaves. For more information, check out Clemson University’s publications on flowers, lawn care, shrubsand trees.
Even though it’s been hot and dry, powdery mildew is here. I’m seeing it on my bee balm. It looks like you’ve dusted the plant with baby powder. To control it, use a fungicide that is specific for powdery mildew. Wind can carry powdery mildew to other host plants so it is often hard to control, especially if the plant is in shady conditions. The good thing is that very hot, dry conditions with temperatures over 95° will often inhibit growth of the fungus.
A common problem you may be seeing in your lawn is brown patch. All types of warm-season or cool-season lawn grasses grown in South Carolina can be affected by large patch or brown patch, respectively. There are no turfgrass species currently available that are entirely resistant to these diseases. In most cases affected areas are able to recover. The best way to prevent brown patch is by following good lawn care practices.
- Avoid high rates of nitrogen fertilizer. The disease-causing fungus readily attacks the lush growth of grass which nitrogen promotes. Avoid fast-release forms of nitrogen fertilizer.
- Irrigate grass only when needed and to a depth of 4 to 6 inches (generally 1 inch of irrigation water per week), but do not subject the lawn to drought conditions. Water early in the morning, not late in the day or evening. This disease can spread fast when free moisture is present, especially greater than 10 hours.
- Avoid spreading the disease to other areas. Remove clippings if the weather is warm and moist to prevent spread to other areas during mowing.
- Keep lawns mowed on a regular basis to the proper height for the grass species you are growing. Mowing too short can increase disease severity. This is especially true for freshly sodded or seeded grass as the leaves are manufacturing food to grow roots. Mowing too close will also increase weed pressure.
This Month’s Trivia
Fun Fact –The Guinness World Record for most tomatoes harvested from a single plant over one year weighed 1151.84 lbs. with 32,194 tomatoes harvested between May 2005 and April 2006. The tomato plant was at the Epcot Science project at Walt Disney World Company, Florida. (Editor’s note: This was an indeterminate variety which means they will grow and produce fruit until killed by frost and can reach heights of up to10 feet or more. They will bloom, set new fruit and ripen fruit all at the same time throughout the growing season. So, if they are grown in a protected site like a greenhouse, they will produce indefinitely and often have to be tied to upper wires as they start growing horizontal. Determinate tomatoes are more of a bush plant. Many grape or ‘tommy toe’ tomatoes are indeterminate.?
Common Sense Crime Prevention
- Make sure to stop all mail and newspapers, or have a neighbor pick them up. A collection of newspapers
- or overflowing mail boxes is a strong indicator that no one is home.
- Put your lights on a timer. Make sure it is the same lights that you have on normally and that they come
- on and go off at the normal times. Also, leave blinds and shades in their normal position.
- Test your smoke and burglar alarms prior to your vacation.
- Don’t announce your absence on answering machine messages or on your Facebook page.
- Have an inventory of your valuables with all serial and model numbers and photographs of any items thatcredit card numbers and take with you the number to call if the cards are lost or stolen.
- do not have them. Keep this list in a safe or safety deposit box. Also in the box, keep a list of all your
- Make sure all doors and windows are locked.
- Contact Greenville Police Department’s non-emergency number to have extra patrol on your property
- while you are away.
- While traveling, try not to carry large amounts of cash; if you must, do not flash it around or carry it all in
- the same place. (I knew someone who carried cash in the sock they were wearing.)
- Label your luggage with your name and business address or your cell phone number.
- If traveling by vehicle, do not advertise you are a tourist—keep all maps and brochures in the glove box.
You may have seen a viral email rumor going around about a ‘new’ vehicle break-in method wherein thieves punch a small hole under the handle of a car door to unlock the lock mechanism and disengage it.According to ‘Urban Legends’, there is truth in this. The burglar or burglars slip inside the vehicle without having to break a window or otherwise heavily damage the car, which would call attention to themselves. Because the damage is minor, the owners may not realize they are victims until they notice items missing from the car or items that were moved. The puncture hole that the intruders leave under the lock, usually on the driver’s-side door, is only up to about a half-inch in diameter.” It’s even less noticeable if they use the passenger side. Regardless of the method of entry used, precautionary measures available to vehicle owners remain the same: install a car alarm, avoid parking in dimly lit, isolated places, and never leave valuables (including GPS devices) in plain sight. (Also, keep your keys handy. I have heard of people who are experiencing a home break-in trigger their car alarm and this helps scare off intruders.)
On another note, a resident recently reported the theft of a check from his mailbox and asked us to alert our members to this type of crime . He put a check in themailbox to be picked up by the mail carrier. At some point before the mail carrier arrived, someone stole the check from the mailbox, altered the check (payee, amount, and signature), and cashed the check to themselves at a check cashing shop. (Editor’s note: I seldom mail checks from my mailbox. Instead, I take them to the post office when I am out. After this, I’ll continue this practice).
Flash from the Past
This month instead of our normal old photo, we thought we’d include some interesting information about a Greenville resident who passed away in June. Some of you probably knew him and may have read about him, but for those who didn’t, he had an interesting career. He carried an index card in his shirt pocket to remind him of all he needed to accomplish each day. A gentleman of the old school, he opened card doors for women and pulled out chairs for them to sit down. Johnnie Mac Walters was born in 1919 in Lydia, just outside Hartsville, SC, growing up in what was once a sharecropper’s house without electricity or running water. When he arrived at Furman in 1938, he had a $75 scholarship toward the $600 a year tuition and $3.62 in his pocket. He went on to become Commissioner of the IRS.
Three months after the Watergate break-in, White House counsel John Dean handed Walters a list with the names of 200 Democrats and asked him to collect dirt on them through their tax returns. With the agreement of Treasury Secretary George Shultz, his boss, he sealed it and locked it in a safe in his office (without informing anyone at IRS that he had received it). He told Dean that “taking action against the people on the list would “make Watergate look like a Sunday School picnic.” He resigned as IRS Commissioner in 1973 and later moved back to Greenville to join the Leatherwood Walker Todd and Mann law firm. He passed away June 24 at the age of 94. In his memoir, he wrote: “We have enjoyed the journey. We intend to keep smiling, laughing and flying the flag high.”
From last month:
The 20th century Colonial House, the home of the Poinsett Club since its organization in 1935, was built in 1904 by well-known textile executive Lewis Parker. Parker and his family lived in it until the beginning of WW I. After WW I, the home was owned by Joseph McCullough and by Mr. and Mrs. Allen Graham and their family. Just prior to its purchase by the Poinsett Club, it was the home of Mr. and Mrs. Marion Brawley. On April 16, 1935, by-laws were adopted and the Club was named Poinsett after South Carolina statesman Joel Roberts Poinsett.
The two residential buildings of the old Odd Fellows Orphans Home as it existed about 1926, shortly before it closed after 20-some-odd years in the “orphan business.” The house on the right was originally built by the Carpan family, who came from France to grow grapes. It was torn down by the Carter Land Development Company in the mid 1950’s when they developed the Tanglewood subdivision. The house on the left was built in 1908 as part of the orphanage, burned down on Christmas, 1910 and rebuilt in 1911, and is today a private residence. Originally these properties employed the orphans on their 78 acres of farmland, cannery and smokehouse and served as the only orphanage in the Upstate. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~scgreenv/photo/photos.htm
City Council Formal Meeting and Work Session schedules can be found at http://www.greenvillesc.gov/city_government/meet.asp
The Hughes Main Library has numerous programs for adults and children. Check out their July Calendar.
Don’t forget about a great local resource for family activities. Macaroni Kid lists all kinds of local activities for kids and families.
For other events in this area bookmark Go-greenevents for a listing of various events with registration, etc., handled online to save needless waste of paper.
Greenville County Museum ofArt – The Museum is open to the public Wednesday through Saturday, 10 am – 6 pm and on Sundays 1 – 5 pm. As always, admission is free. The Greenville Collection is now the largest and the most complete collection of Andrew Wyeth’s watercolors owned by any public museum in the world.
Interested in volunteering with the Puppies & Kittens or Adult Dogs at the Humane Society? Please visit their Volunteer page for details and requirements. ►Limited Number of Spots Available per Orientation ►Registration is Required ►To register for Puppy Patrol Orientation, please contact Tori Firth: email@example.com
►To register for Dog Walking Orientation, please contact Alysha Harvey: firstname.lastname@example.org
TD Saturday Market – Main Street at McBee Avenue. Saturdays, May 3 to October 25, 2014. 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Featured Weekly Non-Profit: July 19: SC Mountains to Midlands Affiliate of Susan G. Komen. Featured Weekly Non-Profit: July 26: Donate Life South Carolina is the organization whose mission is to promote organ and tissue donation for transplantation and provide patient assistance for South Carolina transplant recipients. Donate Life South Carolina is responsible for the development and maintenance of the New South Carolina Donor Registry. www.donatelifesc.org
July 16 – Lunchbox Learning: Ye Olde English. Upcountry History Museum. 12 noon – 1pm. Ever wonder why it’s feet and not foots? Or why medieval English has a seemingly random final -e sprinkled through it? Spend your lunch hour with Dr. Melinda Menzer to find the answer to these questions and more, including why no medieval English person ever used the words ye olde! Free to members – $5.00 for other guests. Chick-fil-A Boxed Lunch $7.00 or Chick-fil-A Salad $6.00. Meals must be reserved prior to the event. For reservations call the museum at 864-467-3100 or email@example.com.
July 16 and the third Thursdays each month – Earth Market Greenville. 11am-3pm @ 220 North Main St. Greenville SC in NoMa Square.
July 17 – Upstate Shakespeare Festival: Antony and Cleopatra. 7pm. Falls Park on the Reedy River.
July 18 – Karaoke with BJ the DJ. 8pm – 1am. Food served till 9pm. Northgate Soda Shop.
July 18 – Starry Nights. Roper Mountain Science Center. 7pm.
July 18 – Creek Ranger Family Hike. Paris Mtn. State Park. 10 am. $7.00. Check out their website for additional dates and activities.
Summer Nights Concert Series. TD Stage at the Peace Center. 7:30 – 10pm. Summer concert series for individuals who enjoy a variety of music genres and live music performances.
July 19 – Hagood Mill’s Ol’ Summertime Medicine Show. 10am. Hagood Mill Historic Site and Folklife Center. 138 Hagood Mill Road. Pickens.
Children’s Museum of the Upstate – check out all the fun events for kids this month – everything from playing in clay and painting beach balls to learning to make homemade ice cream.
July 20 – Zoo Night at Fluor Field. 4:00 pm. Greenville Zoo members will enjoy group seating, a special pre-game parade around Fluor Field for all Zoo member children, Zoo themed in-game programming such as a live feed of Pregnant Autumn (or possibly Autumn and her newborn calf!), a “Don’t feed the animals hot dog eating contest” and a special on-field “Turtles vs. Toddlers” race! Heritage plaza, which is located just inside the Field Street gate, will showcase the Zoo’s past, present and future, and a few of the Zoo’s animal ambassadors visiting in the Paladin Plateau. Click here to purchase your tickets now
July 20 – You Go Girl Triathlon. 7am. Greenville’s only women’s only event, the You Go Girl Triathlon is a perfect way to celebrate life, fitness and accomplishment. Held at Greenville Hospital System’s Life Center Health and Conditioning Club, this pool swim event is sure to be one not to miss. Swim 250 yards, Bike 10 miles, run 2 miles.
July 21 – Greenville Humane Society. Volunteer Orientation for Puppy Patrol and Adult Dog Walking. 5 – 6:00 pm. Every month on the third Monday until November 30..
Interested in volunteering with our Puppies & Kittens or Adult Dogs? Please visit the above link to our Volunteer page for details and requirements. ►LIMITED NUMBER OF SPOTS AVAILABLE PER ORIENTATION ►REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED ►To register for Puppy Patrol Orientation, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org. ►To register for Dog Walking Orientation, please email: email@example.com.
July 25 – Ice Cream Social. Greenville Zoo. 11:00 am – 1:00 pm. First annual Ice Cream Social, with ice cream for sale in cones, sundaes and floats along with Kona Ice and other frozen treats! Cool off as we celebrate summer with entertainment for the kids and fun for everyone – including face painting and more! Cost: Free with admission to the zoo.
July 25 – Rookie-oke. 8:30 – 10pm with BJ the DJ. This is for people that always wanted to sing but have not tried. Everyone is welcome. Come have some fun. FOOD WILL BE SERVED UNTIL 8 PM.
July 26 – FINAL “Dinner and a Movie”. Silver Screen Café. 6:30 pm. What would you do if you were forced to spend time with people you could not stand? “The Man Who Came to Dinner” is a delectable feast starring Bette Davis, Ann Sheridan and Monty Woolley. Tickets on sale now. Seating is limited. Call 283-0888. See more details and the menu choices at their website.
July 26 – Brews & Brines. Beer & Pickle Tasting. Community Tap. 4 – 7pm. The Community Tap will be teaming up with Green River Picklers (Asheville, NC) for a beer and pickle pairing! The menu will be posted soon. $15 per person at the door. No reservations, but space is limited so get here early!
July 27 – Join the Greenville Humane Society at Augusta Village for “Sounds for Hounds” to benefit the homeless animals of Greenville. 1-6pm. Augusta Village. 1818 Augusta Street. And, celebrate with other fun summer festivities such as prize drawings, block parties, kids’ activities, sidewalk extravaganzas, great food and cool drinks, life music and much more! Buy a raffle ticket for your chance to win a golf cart! Proceeds from
July 30 – Lunch Box Learning at the Upcountry History Museum. The Valley Campaign of the Civil War, Presenter: Dr. Ron Gregory. Enjoy an afternoon with friends as Ron Gregory takes us back 150 years to the Summer of 1864 and the Valley Campaign of the Civil War. Join us as he shares South Carolina connections to the events of this period.
August 2 – Zoo-A-Palooza. Greenville Zoo. The concert provided by B93.7/WFBC is held each August at the Greenville Zoo and features some of today’s hottest rising stars, with even some appearances by HUGE artists. In previous years we’ve had: David Archuleta, Mat Kearney, Chris Wallace, Austin Mahone, and Cody Simpson! Proceeds of Zoo-A-Palooza will benefit various programs around the zoo.
Greenville Humane Society 2014 Yappy Hour Series continues, presented by Camp Bow Wow. 6-8pm. Every 2nd Thursday of the month from April to October. For $8 you and your friends can unwind with cold brews and live music from local artists. Your dog can run off leash in our canine courtyard and take a dip in the “doggie” pools. Dogs must come on leash and be friendly, spayed/neutered, over 6 months of age, healthy & up to date on vaccinations. For more details or in case of inclement weather: Consult their Facebook page orwww.greenvillehumane.com.
Downtown Line Dance. 6:15 – 8pm. Offered every Tuesday from 6:15 to 8 pm. at Sears Rec Center in McPherson Park. Dances are taught in a fun and easy way with great music – Hip Hop, R&B, Rock & Roll, Latin, Country, Shag, Swing. Social dances include Electric Slide, Cupid Shuffle, Bikers Shuffle, Cha Cha Slide, Good Time, God Blessed Texas, R&B Boogie and more. No partner or dance knowledge required. Two left feet are fine. Bring your friends and have some fun. Cost – $4 for Greenville city residents, $5 for others. Telephone: 864-467-4326.
For other community events, check the Greenville City calendar
Summer Programs at Greenville Community Centers
To view the spring/summer calendar for the Bobby Pearse Center and/or the Sears Shelter, go to the Parks and Rec website You will be able to view program information and pay directly online.
….Or pick up a program brochure at your local community center.
The use of trade names or advertisements in this publication does not constitute endorsement or discrimination by the North Main Community Association.